Here's a new homework submitted by a reader who needed some help with the Big Five Numbers and Moat. Read on:
I bought this stock [CLZR] for my son, Shane, because a client at Bellagio suggested it. This was before I met you. Okay, now I know it was gambling! But, it's going up. I bought it at 9.37 and it's over 14 now. I own 55 shares. So now I'm backtracking and putting it to your test, so here goes:
Meaning: Yes, I come from a spa and beauty background. Candela makes dermatology lasers for cosmetic and medical use.
Moat: Brand. Candela is known for establishing aesthetic lasers 17 years ago. They are an industry leader with the most advanced laser system.
Trade Secrets: Candela is the innovator of the PDL Platform (3 new models), Patented DCD(TM) cooling device, Patented Dual-mode filtering technology makes it safer.
Toll Bridge: New system cleared by FDA.
Switching: One machine has multi uses. Products are backed up by Candela technical service and support, so switching would not be advisable.
Low price: Low price dominators? Not sure.
ROIC: is 20% (good)
Equity growth rate: help!! where is it?
EPS growth rate: 10 year average I got -40.30 (bad) On investools, do I use the numbers from the first set of #'s or the historical ratio summary?
Sales Growth rate: 18.60 (good)
Cash growth rate: okay, this is one of my biggest problems, I just don't know where to go to find stuff! I need a cheat sheet to tell me where to find everything!
MOS: Investools doesn't provide the sticker price, says not enough info.
Mgmt: Owner has a BAG. CEO upholds long term reputation for technology, innovation, customer service, and support. I think the support is huge. Designing a product and selling it is one thing, but coming from the spa business, the vendors that stay alive are the ones that constantly train, support, and follow up. They have a presence, not just a product.
If you can help me to understand what sell signals to look for, that would be great too, because I already have real money in this one!
Here's what I told Diane in an email:
Hi Diane,CLZR: Candela. Let's take it step by step:1. Meaning: You seem to like the spa business. It's important that you connect personally with the product, too. You don't have to tell us if you are into laser hair removal but you should know that it's a great product. Best of class. Personally I haven't been there. ;-)2. Moat: You aren't using the various Moats properly. Nice try though. Each of the five types of Moat defines a kind of monopoly position. Very few businesses have more than one, if that. CLZR may have a secrets moat, but patents can be easily gotten around. You'd have to know that no one can reproduce what they do easily. They do not have a Toll Bridge Moat - a Toll Moat means that you can't get laser treatment without them, just like you can't get power in San Francisco without PG&E. A Switch Moat means that it is very painful to switch from this product to another one. While it may be painful for the client to experience the product, I doubt that it causes much discomfort to the Spa Surgeon just to get a different laser to remove the hair or whatever. Probably this is a Brand moat of some sort, if there is a moat at all. Better dig in here, Diane.3. Management: you are looking for an honest, driven, owner-oriented CEO. One who will use the surplus capital in the owner's best interest. And one with a BAG. I sort of see the BAG, but any evidence of the owner-orientation in his letters to shareholders or articles in trade mags? Short of that, a high ROIC is evidence of owner-orientation to a degree.4. MOS: Here's where you had real trouble. On Investools under Fundamentals, click on Balance Sheet. You'll see ten years of equity numbers.
- First see if the numbers go up every year. You'll notice they do not. They bounce around, but in a generally upward direction. Not great but okay.
- Now do the rule of 72 on the numbers, especially the last 4 or 5 years. My quick look shows me a business that isn't completely predictable that is growing equity at roughly 20% or so. Ballpark.
- A look at EPS mostly confirms the lack of consistency until very recently... From this, I would immediately consign this one to my Risky Biz portfolio if I was still interested.
- Next I'd do a quick and dirty valuation by clicking on the Valuation tool. Note that there is no analyst estimated growth rate. That happens when the business is so small that it isn't covered. That isn't a bad thing, but it does mean that we better know what we're doing and make extra sure we're dealing with a predictable business... which we sort of are not in this case. But let's plunge on anyway and see what we get.
- I plug in 20% for growth rate, 15% for my discount rate (AKA the minimum acceptable rate of return) and 40 for the PE (2X the growth rate) and click calculate. I get $18. It's selling for $17. So this one is at the Sticker.Since you got in with a very nice MOS (accidentally I might add) you are looking pretty darn good. And since this thing is at the Sticker, what should you do now? Two choices.
I'd do number one if it was my money.
- Get out and stay out until this goes down 20% below sticker (and meantime get to know the business well enough to know if you'd like to own this as your sole possession for the next 100 years).
- Continue to play this thing as a pure technical investment, using the arrows to get in and out ... but know that you are not investing anymore, you are speculating on pure technical signals.
Now go play!